Hi , this is David Sullivan for chess NYC .
And I'd like to talk about the center and gambits in chess , we generally try to bring our two pawns to the center of the board to free our pieces .
And also if black pieces come out , we can use that center to move forward and attack black .
But black will try to stop us from making our center .
If we play , let's say E four , black might play E five .
And then if we play our other center point out right away , point to G four , black can take the pawn , white can take back with the queen , but then black will develop a piece attacking the queen , making it waste time by moving again and then black will develop another piece .
And then all of a sudden , black has more big guys out than white .
Black has two pieces developed , white only has one piece .
Developed pawns are not considered pieces , they're just pawns .
So white wants to bring the two center pawns out , but black is fighting against it with his first move .
He's saying , well , you bring this pawn out .
I will take you right away .
White can use in this position .
What's known as a gambit .
Gambit comes from the Italian word gambit which means to trip up .
So white is trying to trip up .
Black , white plays his pawn to F four .
He offers black a pawn , black can take the white pawn and white won't be able to capture back .
What white is trying to do is deflect the pawn .
So that later he'll be able to more easily bring his other center pawn up and black won't be able to take it another example of a gambit .
And this is an opening that shows up in my own games .
Occasionally is when I would play white , I would often play D four , black plays nine F six .
I go C four and black plays C five .
I advance my pawn to D five and then black plays his pawn to B five .
This is known as the Bano gambit .
Black intends to offer me a pawn and then offer me another pawn .
So that later in the game , he'll have two open lines for his rooks that he can use to put pressure on me down here for your entertainment .
I will show you what I used to play against this when they play B five and then a six , I would actually play my knight to C three .
Developing a piece .
Black would take the pawn .
This pawn is unprotected but I don't grab it .
I play pawn to E four I free my bishop , black attacks my knight .
I bring my knight to B five and now it looks like my pawn on E four is hanging .
That is , it's unprotected .
But if black takes my pawn on E four , I can then attack his night .
And if his knight runs away , I have knight to D six checkmate smothered mate .
So here we have black offering a gambit , white declining the gambit .
Then white offers black a pawn .
And if he takes the pawn , he will get check mated .
These were two examples of gambits to give you a little idea of what we're talking about here .
As with any subject in chess , we could talk about this for months .
But just remember , gambits are basically , it's a small sacrifice in order to make some sort of game .