Hello , friends .
Many of you have asked me to give some tips on English speaking skills .
Very often people have studied grammar and vocabulary .
But when it comes to speaking , they are unable to form correct sentences .
This is mainly because they have not received the correct exposure to English .
English has only remained a subject at school or college .
When we think about how a child learns to speak his native language , we realize that it is only by listening and imitation .
But when it comes to speaking English , there is a lot of pause and hesitation and fear .
This stems from a lack of confidence .
The surprising part is that in India , English has become so much a part of us that even when we speak any of our native languages , be it Tamil , Tego , Marti or Hindi or any other language , we involuntary tend to use a number of English words .
Even for us , it is very difficult to speak three or four sentences continually in our own mother tongue without bringing in a couple of English words .
Not necessarily only for the educated , even for the illiterate .
Let us say I speak to my maid and I ask her the reason for not coming on time to work and to give you an example in she might just say breakdown , 10 pass for those who uh don't understand Tamil .
Also , I'm sure you would have understood what she said that she was late because there was a breakdown and she's in a lot of tension , especially because her Children have gone have to attend the exams .
So you see , even within just two sentences in she has used about five or six English words , even though she has has not studied English .
Then where does the problem lie ?
The problem lies in that we are not trained to think in English .
This reminds me of a popular ad which used to be aired many years ago during the cricket matches .
It was a commercial for some popular soft drink and it would say eat cricket , sleep cricket , drink cricket .
And that is what I think one should do to get a mastery of the over the language , eat English , sleep English drink English .
Then you will start to think in English and English will come very naturally to you .
So what is fluency ?
Fluency is about being able to communicate .
Fluency means that you're able to speak smoothly without any pause or hesitation .
There is a continuous flow of language .
Fluency is a practical skill .
You cannot just get it only by reading books .
It is something like learning any sport or learning swimming .
If you want to learn how to swim .
It is not enough .
If you just stand long hours at the edge of the pool , looking at other swimming , you have to dive into the pool .
That's exactly what you have to do .
If you want to learn English speaking , you have to do just one thing and that is speak .
So the first tip is speak without fear .
Don't be afraid of making mistakes .
It's only when you make mistakes that you will learn where you go wrong and it will help you to learn in your language .
Remember as a child , when you first learned cycling , were you able to peddle the very first day itself ?
You fell down a number of times you had your bruises .
Did you give up ?
No , you just went back and tried cycling all over again .
And remember the day when finally you were able to cycle all by yourself without anybody holding you at the back , how thrilled you felt ?
It is the same with speaking English .
The more you use the language , the more you speak , the more number of times the right word will come to your mind .
Most of the time people will understand what you're trying to say , even if you have made a mistake , the next tip is express your ideas and phrases in everyday situations .
Also let us say somebody has a joke and how do you respond to it ?
You can say that's a good one .
Now , this is a good phrase to remember when you listen to a good joke , you say that's a good one .
That's how you respond or when you want to thank somebody .
Just saying thanks .
You can say that's very kind of you .
These are all simple phrases for a beginner which when you put into practice , it will become part of your everyday speaking as a beginner .
One step , which will help you is to listen carefully very often , you'll be able to find the answer in the question itself and then you will be able to frame your sentence correctly .
For example , if somebody asks you a question saying , does he know English or does he know Hindi ?
The answer can be yes , he knows .
Can you sing ?
Yes , I can .
Is it your book ?
Yes , it is .
So does he can he , is it these are the words in the question itself from which you can form your sentences for the answer .
Now , as I said , it all depends on what your level of English is .
If you're a beginner , these very small tips will help you grow along the way .
And if you already have a good level of English , you can become more advanced by using better words , better adjectives and improving your vocabulary too .
In every situation , try to speak English right ?
From the time you get a , let's say you're going to your office canteen .
So think of words , let's say you have your food before you .
This food tastes good or uh she's a beautiful girl , whatever you want to say , just keep on thinking in English and think of words in English for everything around you .
This is another tip which will help you to improve your English .
A common error which I find which uh beginners make , especially Indian students is when I ask them their name or ask them to introduce themselves .
I say please uh tell me your name and he says , madam myself , Harras .
Now this is incorrect .
You don't introduce yourself as myself or myself .
Uh You say I'm Harras or my name is .
So this usage of myself is incorrect over here again , the way of asking somebody their name , I find some people still say , what is your good name ?
That is uh very , I would say old fashioned , it's very incorrect .
Also , you just say what's your name ?
There is no need to say what's your good name .
And if you want to be polite , you can ask , may I know your name or could I please know your name ?
These are better ways of asking and replying to such questions for beginners .
For more advanced learners .
It is very important to use precise words , especially on your resume or when you're going for a job interview .
For example , even this word resume , see the pronunciation very often I find people pronouncing it wrong and just using the words pronouncing it as a resume when you say resume , it's just a verb .
The match resumed after the rain .
In that usage , you can say resume here .
You are using it as a noun .
This is your resume or your bio data , which you're applying .
Uh when you want to go for a job interview and even in your resume or at the interview itself , use better words .
Don't just say I worked in the finance department .
You can say I analyzed financial data , you or you can say I implemented the company's policies .
So when you use better words like that , it shows that you have greater command over the English language .
As you are all aware in English , very often , the same word can have different meanings in different context .
If you take a simple example , say of the word bank .
Bank can be the name of a place where you deposit your money .
As the first meaning comes to you .
Bank also refers to um the bank of a river or when I say I was banking on his help .
Banking means were depending on him for his help .
Or even as for the word book , book might just refer to a text which you're reading or the action for for example , when you book a ticket for a journey .
So depending on the context , the meaning can differ and the pronunciation too can differ .
For example , if you have the word re ad , if you're using it in the present tense you say I read the newspaper every day , then you pronounce this as read .
But if you want to use it in the past tense , the same re ad , you don't say I read the paper yesterday , then you pronounce it as I read the paper yesterday .
So these are small things one learns along the way where English usage , the functional English is very , very important and close our home to give simpler examples in your everyday situation .
Let's say you're on a call and you're not able to hear the other person very well .
For whatever reason , maybe the network is bad or there's a lot of noise around .
Don't just say , ah , that sounds very rude .
Say sorry , which means the other person would repeat what he said or you can put it in a sentence saying , could you please repeat that or you can say , I'm sorry , I'm not able to hear you very well .
Coming to this word here again , very often people uh do not know the difference between here and listen .
When you hear , you just hear the noise involuntary .
For example , you hear the thunder on a stormy night .
Listen means you're listening with attention .
Maybe you're listening to the lecture again .
The mistake or the error which I commonly find is when I ask a student , what are your hobbies ?
He says , I like listening music .
That is again a wrong usage .
You don't say listening music , you say listening to music .
So such problems can be overcome by regularly revising your English and understanding the correct usage forms .
And very important use polite language .
Always instead of just saying , do something , add the word , please , please .
Thank you .
Make it a part of your everyday language .
This is something which I insist .
And when you want to offer somebody something you can say , would you like to have something that sounds more polite ?
Or if you want to say borrow some your pen say , could I please use your pen ?
That sounds much better .
Also try using good communications .
What are collocations ?
Communications are groups of words which are frequently used together .
For example , for example , simple phrases , say you have to wash the dishes , OK , after you after a meal .
So the correct words are there , do the dishes .
But after you get up , if you have to fold your bed sheet and keep your pillow in order , then we don't say do the bed , we say make the bed .
So learn the correct colorations .
It will be very useful to you and you will sound more like a native speaker of the language .
Also become familiar with idiomatic expressions , idiomatic expressions .
I can give you an example .
Say just before the exam bell rings , you have studied well .
But still there is some amount of nervousness in you and you have a funny feeling in your stomach , then you use the expression , there are butterflies in my stomach , which means you're a bit nervous .
So these extra idiomatic expressions also add more color to your language .
So try all these various tips which I have given you .
And uh I'm sure you will enjoy the language and improve day by day .
Thank you for listening to me and please give me your feedback in your in the comment section of this video so that I can understand what it is that you would like to learn more from me .
Thank you .