What is research method ?
Let us briefly define this term before we delve into the meaning nature and dynamics of quantitative qualitative and mixed method in research .
And so a research method is the logic of how a scholar arrives at a valid and reliable knowledge .
It is a direct product of reason and is the intellectual and rational basis of scientific certitude .
In other words , a research method is the strategy employed in the collection of data or evidence for analysis to uncover new information or arrive at a better understanding of a particular topic as a strategy .
It involves specific procedures in collecting and analyzing data .
This explains why developing a research method is an integral part of one's research design without it .
Therefore , the researcher can hardly proceed with a collection of data even if she has a well defined research problem .
It is important to note that the procedure in research is subsumed under method .
Hence , the term procedure is not synonymous with method procedure .
As we can see is a series of steps undertaken to carry out the demands of a method .
Thus , the formulation of the research plan , data gathering authentication of documents , review of related literature , content analysis , statistical treatment and similar concerns of researchers are items of procedure undertaken for the purpose of attaining the aims of the method .
Indeed , the type of method determines the type of procedures to follow in research .
That is why the procedure is indicated under method in order to show that it is a subsidiary .
Hence , a procedure must be logically derived from a method now , because method is a logic , it is aimed at discovering meaning or significance .
A simple rule to remember regarding meaning or significance in the context of research is that meaning is understood as relatedness or connectedness , whether it is in the category of cognition , that is knowledge , affection , that is feeling and attitude or operation , that is action and performance .
It is also important to note that the discovery of meaning begins with making a question .
And as we can see , meaning is an answer , it does not come unless one asks a question .
And in research , the question is called the statement of the problem .
Three things therefore are essential in research .
Namely first , the problem , second , the method of answering the problem and third the answer to the problem .
Every scholarly work .
Therefore , either short or long has these three explicitly or implicitly in formal scholarly writing such as in thesis and dissertations .
These three are explicitly stated .
Now , as we can see , a research method refers to the tools that one uses in doing research .
And as we already know it can either be qualitative , quantitative or mixed method .
In our other videos , we will be discussing very briefly their meaning nature and dynamics .